The incremental creep of car culture in Detroit has been welldocumented with the dirth of parking garages and surface lots as opposed to retail and high-rises.
The most egregious visuals of the ills of parking come via the Ilitch property [parking] empire. Not too long ago there were acres of gravel lots where Pizzarena now stands. In the build up to the arena construction in the newly dubbed “Entertainment District” now branded as “The District Detroit” (anyone remember Tigertown?) it seems the biggest boom has been in parking garages with 3 newly constructed even before the arena opened.
Within the Ilitches newly defined “neighborhoods” parking plays a significant role especially when some of those neighborhoods are merely locations for entertainment adjacent to parking options.
Cass Park Village
In many of these areas you will be entertained solely by a walk between stadiums and parking, in Wildcat Corner, the stadiums and parking lots take up 70% of the total acreage. Most notably Columbia Park is nearly half surface parking lots. It’s unclear if those will be new development opportunities or simply parking revenue as the Ilitches have paved and gated these parking lots when before they were simply gravel.
Back in the day, 1941 and subsequent years, the Detroit News conducted some fairly comprehensive household market research surveys. In 1941, they conducted a “scientific cross-sectional study of 12,902 homes in the Detroit City zone made by the Hooper-Holmes Bureau-Division of Market Research in the Winter of 1940-1941. Every 40th home surveyed.”
There’s nothing particularly interesting about this map included in the top left corner of the Sanborn Fire Insurance maps from the Library of Congress. What stood out most to me is that new maps have been pasted over top as updates.
The attached “Correction Record” includes dates from 1944 through 1949 when updates were physically attached to the map. Today we have digital change logs and version control. Sometimes those new digital systems work and sometimes I feel like we still need to print out every version of a document or map in order to ensure changes aren’t forgotten.
I’ll be teaching my workshop on data and mapping again this April 2018 with Co.Open/Allied Media Projects.
During the 4-week course we will journey through the entire mapping process; from paper survey to digital database, basic map visualizations, and finally analysis. We will be working with free and open source software (QGIS, LibreOffice, Inkscape, etc.).
“As intolerable as pollution are the barriers that divide River and city. A new order must evolve. The River must be made pat of the city, part of the life of people. And the key to this revolution lies in the accessibility of the edge.
The design proposes a continuous pedestrian way that exposes the rich variety of activity of the waterfront, a path that would be a dynamic link of the River and city, working like the River itself to bring the people and activities of a river city together. The excitement of ports, the large cranes, the ships calling from Sweden, Japan would be as much a part of the patterns of the city as the busy parks of the Cultural Center.
Maps shouldn’t be all that hard to read, but sometimes there is so much data and information packed into them we miss the little details that can reveal a lot about the politics or biases of maps. Maps are an engaging way to visualize data and gain knowledge, but need to be viewed with a critical eye.
Participants will be lead through a discussion on the history and creation of maps. Following the discussion, participants will get to use their new critical map reading skills to examine historic and current maps. Materials will be provided.
Within the entire State of Michigan, Detroit stands out as a cluster of areas considered “hard to count” by Census standards. Typically a Census questionnaire is mailed to each household, but when there is no response the Census Bureau sends someone in-person to these households.
“For the purpose of this map, a census tract is considered hard-to-count (HTC) if its self-response rate in the 2010 decennial census was 73% or less. If 73% or fewer of the tract’s households that received a census questionnaire mailed it back to the Census Bureau, it is shaded in light orange-to-dark red as a hard-to-count tract on the map.”
Census data is used to make big decisions on federal funding allocations as well as political representation. If an area is improperly counted, then people will lose access to considerable resources.
In May 2017, the Director of the Census Bureau resigned after it became clear that Republicans were going to gut the budget for Census 2020 which had planned to go online. Data shows internet connectivity is lacking across Detroit. If an underfunded Census moves forward and relies heavily on online surveying, much of Detroit will be left uncounted and will remain unresourced as a result. This should be a warning for anyone hoping to implement an online heavy approach to engaging Detroit residents.
I remember running community service projects on weekends in Detroit around 2009 and not being able to find a spot to buy some hot-n-readys for volunteers anywhere.
It seems since then, Little Caesar’s has upped its franchise game to cover most areas of the city, but there are still Little Caesar’s pizza gaps that are filled by Happy’s Pizza (12), Papa’s (11), Domino’s (8), and Buddy’s (2) with a handful of standalone pizza joints.
Defining geographies is difficult, especially when politics are involved. In 2009, the idea of Districts was passed on its own through City Council. In 2012, Detroit changed its City Charter and City Council elections to be based on the geographic Council District. There was intense debate about how Downtown would be divided and lines were drawn along specific city blocks.
The downside is that data doesn’t exist for Council Districts unless it is specificaly collected at the block level, which is only every 10 years by the Census Bureau. The majority of available data is at Census Tract or Zip Code level, both of which have no relation to the local political geography.
The recent launch of the Strava Global Heatmap has unleashed a storm of revelations about secret military bases and digital security and privacy concerns of US military personnel. In Detroit the story is mostly the same as it always has been: no one is (EDIT 01/30/18) not many people are running in neighborhoods outside of Downtown or the 7.2 square miles of “Greater Downtown.” Running redlining?
Grandmont-Rosedale jumped out at me as well as Hamtramck as their own insulated running districts of Detroit. However, I was quite surprised to find the secret lives of auto industry workplace wellness champions!
The Jefferson Assembly Plant really stood out as the only Eastside highlight. The GM Hamtramck Assembly Plant didn’t highlight as it appears more people prefer to run around the plant than actually at the plant.
Someone is taking regular jogs around the parking lot at the American Axle World Headquarters.
Detroit Diesel also has a well worn path around its outer bounds.
Similarly, the lots outside the Dearborn Truck Plant (DTP) at the Ford Rouge Plant seem to be getting regular use as a running loop.
Public input was measured on a one-to-three scale based on the dot map exercise from public meetings. Residents were asked to prioritize up to three parks in their city council district. If a park received no dots, it was scored with a “0”, 1 dot with a “1”, 2 dots with a “2”, and 3 or more dots with a “3”. These rankings were then converted to a 1-5 scale.
The Detroit News has a recent interactive map with writing by Louis Aguilar that chronicles 13 important sites of Detroit’s underground art, music, and culture scene.
For decades, the increasingly upscale area now called “greater downtown” was a haven for a thriving underground art and cultural scene. Ground-breaking artists and others took advantage of cheap rents to produce a raw, creative environment.
Since 2014, I’ve been following the coworking trend in Detroit. I’ve used space for team work at An Office in Detroit that has seen a change in ownership, but is still going strong. In the last 3 year, there have been 8 coworking spaces that have closed and 13 new spaces opened, including the arrival of WeWork in two Downtown locations and the expansion of Bamboo Detroit into a second space. It is safe to say that the majority of the action is located Downtown within the 48226 zip code.
The most interesting coworking shift has been change in the monthly price of a drop-in desk or “hot desk.” Out of the 13 spaces that have been operating since 2014, 6 increased their prices, 2 dropped prices, and 5 kept prices the same (first map). In 2014 the average cost of a coworking desk was around $110, but in 2017 the average is $130 since many of the new spaces have entered the coworking market at the top end with a “hot desk” starting at more than $200/month.
There has also been a rise of parent and woman supportive business spaces, namely Detroit Mama Hub operating out of Ponyride, Femology located Downtown, and the Detroit Parent Collective near Marygrove College. There have been many coworking additions Downtown (7 of the 13 new coworking spaces), but thankfully a number of new options beyond the Central Business District. Southwest is still conspicuously absent of a formal coworking space. Maybe I’m just missing it?
This map of Detroit available in the Library of Congress collections and appears to specifically call out the subdivisions of the Military Reserve (land), Brush Farm, John R. Williams holdings, and those of a Peter Berthlet.
It is unclear what Act of Congress necessitated the creation of this map by the District Surveyor, John Farmer. Amy Elliott Bragg has a nice write-up on The Night Train blog about the Farmer family. Son of John Farmer, Silas Farmer (“Detroit’s earliest map publisher”) was only 4 years old at the time his father created this map.
I found a small triangle of land called “Miami Square” at the northern intersection of Gratiot and Randolph and wondered if it was still called that today. The City recently tested out a pedestrian plaza in that area. It appears to still exist as a park, although completely paved over and no signs or markers except for a large abstract sculpture.
In his speech The Other America, Martin Luther King Jr. laments that “every city in our country has this kind of dualism, this schizophrenia, split at so many parts, and so every city ends up being two cities rather than one.” In some ways, the trajectory of contemporary development in Detroit is indeed creating this tale of two cities to which King alluded. Detroit’s transformative downtown revitalization has brought an influx of economic activity which has generated much excitement about the city’s future. Yet, Detroit’s “comeback” has largely been confined to 7.2 miles square miles surrounding the downtown Woodward corridor.
This raises the question of whether “The Other Detroit,” the remaining 131 square miles comprising the city’s largely black neighborhoods, will begin to share in the benefits of Detroit’s growth. In the spirit of Dr. Martin Luther King, this panel will discuss the implications of disparate development patterns in Detroit, exploring structural and community-based strategies for redirecting investment in favor of the city’s most disadvantaged, longstanding residents.
Sonya Mays, President and CEO of Develop Detroit
Kim Sherobbi, Community Practitioner, James & Grace Lee Boggs Center
Sarida Scott Montgomery: Executive Director of Community Development Advocates of Detroit (CDAD)
Monique Becker, Development Associate, The Platform
Intersections: The City Through Cartography is an exhibit of contemporary maps by Detroiters from DETROITography, a project conceived and curated by Alex Hill and Detroit Atlas Collaborative, a project conceived and curated by Lyz Luidens.
The exhibition turns the DCDT Gallery into an interactive space where members of the community are welcome to contribute to the ongoing projects by creating their own map of the city.
In addition to the exhibition, a series of workshops will be hosted by AIA Michigan featuring Alex Hill and Lyz Luidens to further engage the community and to grow these living collections.
This inset map is included in the 1958 Shell Map of Metropolitan Detroit. The sightseeing map includes 6 tour routes: Greenfield Village, Grosse Pointe, River Rouge Park, Royal Oak, and [City] Airport.
Most interesting is the number of auto manufacturing facilities that are no longer in operation, including: De Soto, Cadillac Motor Car Division, and Plymouth Division. The tours to the East include a note that tours can be scheduled at the now demolished U.S. Rubber Company and Livernois Avenue is listed as “Used Car Row.” Briggs Stadium is on the map and University of Detroit is listed as a “new campus.”
Journalist Bill McGraw and photographer Romain Blanquart created a seminal project of Detroit journalism in 2007 when they drove nearly every street of the city to document conditions, interviews, using an online map and video to tell stories.
Over the past 4 months they’ve returned to many of the same spots to explore what has changed in the past 10 years. They have put together an interactive StoryMapJS with photos and updates. The long form article is also here.
The submitter will retain the rights to his or her maps; however, by submitting your work to DETROITography, you agree to the following terms: You grant DETROITography a royalty-free, perpetual license to publicly display the map in any media now existing or later developed, for purposes including, but not limited to, advertising and promotion of DETROITography and its website. All maps reproduced will include the mapper’s credit as it is feasible.